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How to Plant Your First Flower Garden: The Basics

No matter what the color, the style or the purpose, all flower gardens are, at their base, gardens. Whether you want plants that will bloom the same way every spring, or if you want to lay seed or plants bulbs, or if you would rather have only a certain species or color in your garden, each flower garden is still put together at its base, in the same way. Each flower garden, while in practice or appearance might be different, has the same end goal.

And that end goal is grow healthy, vibrant and colorful flowers. In order to do this, before going into the exact types of flower gardens that will be laid out in this article, one must look at the steps to growing any type of flower garden, regardless of the size, shape or specific flowers that are inside of it.

The very first step in the process of laying down a flower garden is to landscape the area you want to grow on. Landscaping is a very important factor in growing a flower garden because you generally want to stay away from planting flowers on slopes of uneven terrain. In general it is best to grow you flowers on flat ground. This is because, if your flowers are on uneven ground they will not have proper space to spread out their roots or intake the proper amount of nutrients. This could then hurt your flowers or lead to the stunting of their growth.

Even ground allows them the best, even space for them to grow because it prevents this problem. In terms of the actual landscaping process, when you first are choosing the area of where to put your garden, try and landscape it so that the dirt is flat all the way across. To do this you can simply take a household tool, such as a rake or a shovel, and flatten out the dirt patch where the flowers will grow.

This is a very simple step in the gardening process, but also a vital one as well. It is not necessarily impossible to grow flowers on an uneven soil, but it is generally a good idea to try and keep your area flat in order to encourage good root spreading as well as nutrient intake. This is a key step in first building your flower garden and should be done in conjunction with another very important step, which is actually planning the size your garden will be.

Garden size can vary for a variety of reasons, but it is a very important aspect when it comes to cultivating healthy flowers. A general rule of choosing a size for a flower garden is that you want to stick to smaller plots of land. However, if you are more ambitious then you can have a larger garden, but when just starting out you want to stick to a smaller garden.

The reason for this is that if your garden is too big it can get out of your control, which is never something you want to do. You always want to keep your garden manageable, and setting up a small plot of land, will allow you to give the proper time and energy to all of your flowers. When first starting a flower garden it is generally a good idea to lean towards the smaller side. A small garden will allow you more time and energy to specifically care for your flowers and learn how to cultivate them before attempting a larger endeavor.

After finding a good size for your garden, the next step in the process of setting up a flower garden is choosing the actual site for your garden. The space that your garden is going to be in is important for two reasons. The first of these reasons is that a flower garden is going to bring color and life to the area that it is planted in. As a result, you want to place your garden in a spot that needs more color or life. This spot could be in any place of your house, but whether that spot is your front, back or side yard is entirely up to you.

Also, keep in mind that your flowers, regardless of brand or species, are going to also need sunlight as well. As a result, try and place your garden in a spot that is going to have five to seven hours (the recommended amount) of sunlight a day. This will provide each flower the right amount of nutrients they need to grow. Every plant, fruit, vegetable or flower, needs to be able to perform photosynthesis, and sunlight is the process by which this happens. Flowers are plants that desperately need the sun to, not only grow, but to also produce their vibrant colors, which is why sunlight should always be a consideration when planning where to put your garden.

Leaving your flowers without proper light could lead to them not growing or, even worse, dying off. However, on the other hand, something else to be aware of is that, if you live in a hotter climate, you also do not want to subject your flowers to constant sunlight. If your flowers get too much sunlight, which could cause them to dry out and thus not produce flowers.

As a result, if you live in a warmer area, it is better to (while still providing the adequate sunlight) try and make sure that there is afternoon shade that hits your garden. Shade is a good way to protect your flowers from drying out by giving them the reprieve that they need. If you live in a hotter climate where there will be more sunlight on your plants, try and find flowers that can deal with a good amount of exposure to the sun.

In addition, it is generally a good idea to water your plants a little more regularly in hot climates than you would in others. These tricks will help your flowers grow extremely well and bring them to their fullest potential.  With gardening, every aspect is an important as the next. As such, just as with sunlight, leveling as well as the size of your garden, the next important step in cultivating flowers (regardless of their specific type) is the quality of the soil.

Every soil is inherently different. This means that they differ in both consistency as well as nutrient content. Some soils are sandier, some are rocky, while others are dense or have the ability to retain a lot of water. When setting out to plant a flower garden, always be sure to check what type of soil you have in your yard.

Generally speaking, flowers have the ability to grow in many types of soil. However, there are certain types and certain natural aspects that you want to avoid. When seeing what type of soils you have access to, it is best to usually try and stick to soils that are dense or that will provide good growing beds for your seeds.

Always try to stay away from rocky or grainy soils, as the seeds will not be able to extend their roots in such environments. Also, rockier soils can hold less nutrients, and your flowers will not have access to the minerals and chemicals they need to properly grow if placed in such a soil. In addition (and as already discussed) try not to plant on slopes or in an area where the soil is not even.

Continuing a discussion of the proper soil, it is also best to avoid soil that holds a lot water or soil where water forms pools. All plants need access to a good amount of water, but too much water can oversaturate the roots or drown seeds. If this happens, your flowers will never grow.As such, make sure you plant your garden in soil that has good drainage.

That is to say, soil where water does not collect or pool, but rather merely stays damp or moist. Always be aware of such factors as they will lay the basis for a proper flower garden and give you the best start for your seed, bulbs or buds.

Moving beyond soil, something else you always want to be aware of when planning your garden is the presence of other plants. Chances are you are planting your garden outside in your yard. If this is the case, many times there are other species of plants that live in those areas as well.  Weeds are something that every gardener tries to avoid.

While this is common knowledge, not many people know why exactly weeds are so detrimental to a garden or the growing process. The reason that weeds are so bad for your plants is that they cause competition in your growing space, which is very unhealthy for your flowers. This means that, if weeds are presents, your flowers will have to fight the weeds for nutrients, sunlight, space as well as water.

Because of this, less nutrients could go to your plants and more could go to the weeds, which can greatly stunt their growth. While this is one example, in the same vein, when planting or planning where to put a flower bed, you generally want to avoid other plant life such as trees and shrubs, which will lower competition.

Just like weeds, both shrubs and trees also cause have the ability to cause competition for your flowers. However, unlike weeds, trees and shrubs, being larger plants, can merely out muscle your flowers for space and nutrients. If this happens, you flowers, being smaller, will lose access to many different nutrients and most likely suffer.

You want to try to avoid this when planting, and the best way to do so is to place your flower garden in a space that is away from such plants. You want to keep your garden around five feet away from bushes and shrubs, which will ensure that your flowers do not interfere with their root system. In terms of trees, their roots are very large and stretch out a long ways. As a result, it is best to keep your garden in a space that is as far away as possible. If you manage to properly space your garden then you will keep your flowers free of competition and growing as healthy as possible.

One last thing to consider, which is another aspect to acknowledge when planning out your garden, is the height of the flowers you want to plant. As already covered, sunlight is a very important to flowers. As a result, it always best to plant your garden in a way so your taller plants are away from your shorter ones.

Taller plants, because of their height, will block out the sun from smaller plants. If this happens, then, as a result of the lack of sunlight, your shorter flowers will suffer or, even worse, die. As a result, in order to stop this from happening you want to scale your garden, with taller plants towards the back and shorter plants towards the front. If you do this your garden, as well as your flowers, will have proper access to sunlight and will not overgrow or out compete each other.

Setting up your garden, regardless of the flowers that you want, is going to be the first step in planting your flower garden. Before you can lay seeds or plant bulbs, you need to make sure you are going to set those seeds into the right environment for your flowers. As long as your flowers have access to the proper nutrients, space and sunlight and as long as they are planted in a nutrient filled and healthy soil, your garden will be ready for flowers. However, what flowers go into your garden is a choice that is entirely up to you, and will differ based on what you want out of your flower garden as well.

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