Peppers are one of the most enjoyable vegetables to grow because of their bright colors and iconic shape. Nothing quite says vegetable garden the same way as a fresh harvest of bell peppers does. Presenting their own challenges, peppers do best when the weather is warm and the sun spends long hours in the sky. Avoid planting peppers in shaded beds; they prefer the open sun to work on their tans.
Peppers prefer spots that drain quickly; it is better to plant them at a higher elevation rather than at the bottom of an incline. A trellis is a smart addition to a garden bed for peppers since they like to grow tall and upwards. Attaching the plant through the trellis will allow the peppers to hang without causing too much stress on the plant. When a pepper grows too heavy, the branch it is on can occasionally break and damage the plant. It is best to plant peppers in rows. But, unlike carrots, a row of peppers should be twenty inches apart and each plant should be ten inches apart within the row itself. The soil should have a pH level between 6.2 and 7.0, which can be checked using a pH test kit or electronic pH reader. We’ll discuss these in more depth in chapter four when we learn about fertilizer.
Peppers are a pretty quick crop and you can expect to start seeing them flower and fruit within a month and a half. Be mindful of the weather as they grow. Peppers can be seriously damaged when faced with a sudden cold spell. If a late spring chill is forecast, then you can cover up your plants to prevent frost damage. Keep peppers watered and supplied with enough sun and they will eventually change colors. When this happens, you are ready to start harvesting your peppers. You can then stuff them, split them, fry them or even sell them!